Roystonea venezuelana L.H.Bailey A large and attractive palm, it has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental tree. Oreodoxa regia var. Roystonea oleracea. Family: ARECACEAE: Species: Roystonea regia (Kunth)O.F.Cook: Common Name: FLORIDA ROYAL PALM: Plant Notes: This species is believed to have been observed by William Bartram along "the St. John's River between Astor and Lake Dexter, Lake and Volusia Counties" (Harper 1946) and was perhaps later extirpated (Small 1938). General Description Trunk gray, to 40 m tall , 46-66 cm diam. It is also reportedly naturalized in Guyana and on the islands of Mauritius and Réunion in the Indian Ocean. Reference page. Leaves appear flat. Roystonea oleracea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Roystonea oleracea là loài thực vật có hoa thuộc họ Arecaceae. [14] It is also called the cabbage tree, palmetto royal, palmier franc and chou palmiste, among other names. O.F. 2010. 2 m long; petiole 60-100 cm long, rachis 4-4.6 m long; middle segments 65-94 cm longand 3-4.9 cm wide. Fruit are 12.6–17.6 millimetres (0.50–0.69 in) long and 7.6–10.4 mm (0.30–0.41 in) long, and turn purplish-black when ripe.[7]. SYNONYM(S) : Areca oleracea Jacq., Euterpe caribaea Spreng, Oreodoxa oleracea (Jacq.) Spesies tersebut juga dikabarkan didtangkan ke Guyana dan kepulauan Mauritius dan Réunion di Samudera Hindia. excelsior L.H.Bailey nom. read more; This mainly Caribbean genus numbers about 10 species, and R. oleracea is certainly the best and most attractive of them all. P.Wilson Loài này được (Jacq.) Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny", "Nombres amerindios de las palmas (Palmae) de Colombia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roystonea_oleracea&oldid=985086980, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 21:34. Royal Palm Tree Royal Palm Tree, scientific name Roystonea oleracea, is native to Cuba and North America. The species was first described by Nikolaus von Jacquin in 1763 as Areca oleracea. Photograph courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Guide to Palms http://palmguide.org/index.php, Roystonea oleracea leaflets, abaxial view, Roystonea oleracea closer view of leaflet abaxial midrib and pubescence, Roystonea oleracea. The crown shaft is bright, glossy green, slightly swollen at the base, and up to 2 m long. It is a pleasure to look at this green palm. [11] The epithet oleracea means "vegetable- or herb-like", and is used in botanical Latin for edible or cultivated plants (as in Brassica oleracea or Portulaca oleracea). Mart. Genus. Other names. jenmanii in 1919. Leaves consist of a 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long petiole and a 4–4.6 m (13–15 ft) rachis. The Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) Oreodoxa oleracea (Jacq.) With its white marble column-like trunk, superb green crown shaft, and graceful spreading crown of feather shaped leaves, a fully-grown tree is an awe-inspiring sight, and amazing to think that this huge tree grows from such a small seed. As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea and the relationship between R. oleracea and the rest of the genus is uncertain. [8], Roystonea oleracea fruit is an important component of the diet of orange-winged amazon parrots and red-bellied macaws in Nariva Swamp, Trinidad and Tobago. in O.C.E.de Kerchove de Denterghem Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Oreodoxa caribaea (Spreng.) General information about Roystonea oleracea (ROYOL) Name Language; cabbage palm: English: Caribbean royal palm: English: South American royal palm The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. Berthold Carl Seemann transferred it to the genus Kentia in 1838. [8] The wood can be used for construction. [6], Roystonea oleracea is a large palm which reaches heights of 40 metres (130 ft). O. F. Cook (1901) is native to Barbados, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela and Colombia, where it grows both in the humid forests and in the savannas in areas usually swampy. Roystonea. 1-7-007:002 Cabbage Palm Roystonea oleracea (1) Harold L. Lyon Arboretum, 3860 Manoa Rd. Campus. excelsior based on specimens collected from the Georgetown Botanic Gardens. oleracea. Description: Large attractive palm to about 20m, with a noticably bulging trunk. [7] It often grows in areas subject which are wet for at least part of the year—coastal areas near the sea, gallery forests in seasonally flooded savannas. Leaves 20-22, lowest leaves held at or above horizontal; crowns haft ca. Flowers and fruit: Inflorescence to 1.5 m long, densely branched to three orders, with separate, white staminate and pistilate flowers. Stems: Solitary, erect, grayish white, to 40 m tall and 45-65 cm in diameter, tapering, not swollen toward the middle. Townsville. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. General: Kentia oleracea (Jacq.) Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) The sap of young inflorescences can be fermented to produce alcohol. [15], The tallest and "most majestic" royal palm, Roystonea oleracea is often used as an ornamental. jenmanii (Waby) Zona, Roystonea oleracea, sometimes known as the Caribbean royal palm,[citation needed] palmiste, imperial palm[citation needed] or cabbage palm, is a species of palm which is native to the Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad and Tobago. Seem. Mart. [3], Its specific epithet oleracea means "vegetable/herbal" in Latin and is a form of holeraceus (oleraceus). [4][5] The plant's buds was eaten in the West Indies. Dammer & Urb. Stems: Solitary, erect, grayish white, to 40 m tall and 45-65 cm in diameter, tapering, not swollen toward the middle.Leaf scars are regular and closely spaced, but not raised or prominent from a distance.Leaves: Pinnate, reduplicate, to 3 m long, with numerous glossy leaflets in two planes (not plumose as are the other Roystonea species). ex H.Wendl. The distinguishing feature of this variety was the fact that it held its lowest leaves at a 45° angle above horizontal. [7] The upper portion of the stem is encircled by leaf sheaths, forming a green portion known as the crownshaft which is normally about 2 m (6.6 ft) long. In 1838, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius transferred it to the genus Oreodoxa as O. oleracea. Purplish-black; palm. The terminal bud is edible. Venezuelan Royal Palm. 2018. Description. It is naturalised in Antigua, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In 1903 Carl Lebrecht Udo Dammer and Ignatz Urban transferred this species to the genus Oreodoxa. CHINESE : Cai wang ye zi (Hong Kong), Gan lan ye zi, Xi yin du ye zi. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names cabbage palm palmiste Roystonea oleracea var. The 1.4 m (4.6 ft) inflorescence bears white male and female flowers. Common Names: Caribbean Royal Palm, Imperial Palm, West Indian Royal Palm, Barbados Royal Palm, Caribbee Palm. Common name. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 180144) with original publication details: Bull. Cook : Details; Images (3) Synonyms (44) References (19) ... Other names with Areca oleracea Jacq. O.F. Americana 1920 Tropical Forest Products - date palm and cabbage palm.jpg 580 × 850; 142 KB O.F.Cook miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1901. The Royal Palm Tree, scientific name Roystonea oleracea, is native to Cuba and North America. ID: 2540: Botanic Name: Roystonea oleracea: Common Name: Caribbean Royal Palm, Feathery Cabbage Palm: Family Name: Arecaceae: Cultivars: syn. Florida. illeg. Roystonea caribaea (Spreng.) [7] Individuals are reported to have 16–22[8] or 20–22 leaves. South American royal palm. F. Cook. Florida royal palm ROFL3: Roystonea floridana O.F. They can be also found in the Caribbean, Central and South American, and Texas. In 1935 Bailey described R. oleracea var. They can be also found in the Caribbean, Central and South American, and Texas. These solitary palms with pinnate leaves are some of the tallest of the royal palms but they lack the bulge typically associated with R. regia. [7] In Colombia it is known as mapora in Spanish, mapórbot in Jitnu and mapoloboto in Sikuani. Stems are grey[7] or whitish-grey. Ovoid, 1.3-1.7 cm long fruits are purple black when ripe. Areca oleracea Jacq. Common Name: Red Latan Palm, Latania borbonica, Latania commersonii, Latanier Rouge Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a – 11: Ruffled Fan Palm Tree – Licuala grandis Common Name: Ruffled Fan Palm, Vanuatu Fan Palm, Palas Palm, Ruffled Lantan Palm Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 10a – 11: Royal Palm Tree – Roystonea oleracea Common Name: Royal Palm Media in category "Roystonea oleracea" The following 36 files are in this category, out of 36 total. Loài này được (Jacq.) O.F. jenmannii to correct Hyde's mistake and update Waby's name. In his 1750 Natural History of Barbados Griffith Hughes reported that the immature inflorescences could be pickled and eaten as a vegetable. O.F.Cook; Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) [2], Roystonea oleracea is known as the palmiste in Trinidad and Tobago, the royal palm[7] or cabbage palm in Barbados[8] and chaguaramo or maparó in Venezuela. Hybridises freely with Roystonea_oleracea particularly in Hawaii and other places where both species are commonly cultivated in close proximity. Gorgasia oleracea (Jacq.) Roystonea oleracea adalah sebuah spesies palem yang berasal dari Antillen Kecil, Kolombia, Venezuela, dan Trinidad dan Tobago. General Information Caribbean Royal palm is a tall, evergreen, single-stemmed palm tree able to grow from 18 - 40 metres tall. The Plant List 2013. Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.)O. [7] Rafaël Govaerts merged the variety into synonym with the typical variety. Majestic, upright, pinnate palm with whitish, swollen stem; leaflets with prominent secondary ribs on either side of the midrib. Lower leaves hanging bellow the vertical with long loosely plumose leaflets. It was named after Roy Stone, a US army engineer who served in Puerto Rico (Henderson et al., 1995). Percy Wilson moved it to Roystonea in 1917. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Roystonea oleracea. Royal Palm Trees are popular in many warm, coastal landscapes, particularly in southern Florida and parts of California. In its native Caribbean, the palm heart is eaten; hence its specific epithet, oleracea, which means edible. Published online. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Roystonea regia, commonly known as the Cuban royal palm or the Florida royal palm, is a species of palm that is native to Mexico, parts of Central America and the Caribbean, and southern Florida. The unbranched stem can be 46 - 66cm in diameter; it is topped by a crown of 16 … Roystonea oleracea Plant Family: Member of the Arecaceae or Palm family, called the West Indian Royal Palm, Royal Palm, Imperial Palm or Cabbage Palm; very similar to R. regia, the Cuban Royal Palm, also called Royal Palm, Boat Palm, and Bottle Palm; other family members include the Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) and the Talipot or Century Palm (Corypha umbraculifera). It is suitable for indoor and outdoor decoration., the Latin name of the plant is Roystonea oleracea. Description. Roystonea venezuelana Common Name: South American Royal Palm, Venezuelan Royal Palm Roystonea oleracea is easily the most ornamental of the genus and though it also one of the more marginal species for southern California, for those lucky enough to live in the right climate, this is one of the most spectacular palms one can grow here. [2] In 1900 Orator F. Cook proposed a new genus for the royal palms,[12] and moved this species from Oreodoxa to Roystonea the following year. O.F.Cook nom. Synonymy: R. caribaea, R. venezuelana: You are bidding on one(1) live bare root seedling with vigorous root systems 10-16 inches tall with 1-3 leaves born and grown in Hawaii. Other Roystonea species, see those descriptions for diagnostic features, Roystonea oleracea leaf scar rings. However, he noted that this variety, which was only known from cultivation, did not differ from the typical in floral or fruit characters. Common Name Species and Number of Trees Location TMK Albizia Trees Albizia procera (4) Wheeler Army Airfield, Wright Ave. N/A ... Cabbage Palm Roystonea oleracea (1) Foster Botanical Garden, 180 N. Vineyard Blvd. In his 1996 monograph on the genus Roystonea, Scott Zona reported that he was "unable to find any consistent morphological or molecular differences between the two taxa", and placed R. venezuelana in synonym with R. Roystonea oleracea. Lower leaves held roughly horizontally, not drooping. Leaflets have acute tips and scales along the prominent midrib's undersurface. About Roystonea oleracea This beautiful tropical palm/ornamental plant is most commonly found in households and gardens. [9] The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. Common Name: Red Latan Palm, Latania borbonica, Latania commersonii, Latanier Rouge Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a – 11 Ruffled Fan Palm Tree – Licuala grandis Common Name: Ruffled Fan Palm, Vanuatu Fan Palm, Palas Palm, Ruffled Lantan Palm Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 10a – 11 Royal Palm Tree – Roystonea oleracea Common Name: Royal Palm Projects: Bolivia, China, Flora of Panama, Panama, VPA Common Names: cai wang zong (pinyin, China) Flora of China Editorial Committee. Royal Palm Trees are popular in many warm, coastal landscapes, particularly in southern Florida and parts of California. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 10. Fruit colour; life form. Over the course of a study conducted between 1995 and 1996, R. oleracea fruit was an important element of the diet of both species between June and January, and was their dominant food item from July to November. Since Sprengel was aware of Jacquin's description, his name is superfluous. as basionym: Gorgasia oleracea (Jacq.) [7], Based on cultivated plants at the botanical garden in Georgetown, Guyana (then British Guiana), John Frederick Waby described Oreodoxa regia var. Imperial palm, Carribean royal palm, Cabbage palm, Palmiste, South American royal palm, West Indian royal palm, Cuban royal palm, Florida royal palm. [7] Liberty Hyde Bailey described Roystonea venezuelana in 1949 based on a collection by Julian Steyermark. [10] As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea[9] and the relationship between R. oleracea and the rest of the genus is uncertain. Roystonea oleracea var. rej. Roystonea oleracea var. Cook: ... Common names are from state and federal lists. [8] and range from 46–66 centimetres (18–26 in) in diameter. Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) in I.Urban List of Palm Trees, below lists types and names of species of trees known as Palms, or Palm Trees.Most of these trees belong to the botanical classification family; Arecaceae.This family is historically named Palmae, although modern classifications don't use it anymore, older texts containing names of palm trees may refer to it.. Roystonea is a relatively small genus and contains some of the most common palms of the Caribbean and adjacent regions. [7], Roystonea oleracea is native to Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique in the Lesser Antilles, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, northern Venezuela and northeastern Colombia. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. Hyde cited Waby's name as an unpublished synonym, apparently unaware that Waby's name was a valid, published name. 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